Whales

The whales in red are found in Katchemak Bay.

Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)
    Class: Mammalia (mammals)
      Order: Cetacea (whales)
     
Includes 3 sub-orders with 13 families and 83 different species.
      Whale Gallery
      Whale pictures
       

Sub-orders: There 3 sub-orders: Mysticeti, Odontoceti, and Archaeocetibaleen plates
. Mysticeti (baleen whales) -

      Includes blue whales, humpback whales, gray whales and right whales.
      Blue Whales
      Humpback Whales
      Gray Whales
      Whale behavior.
      What you should know about baleen whales.
There are 12 baleen whale species divided into 4 families: right, pygmy right, gray and rorqual whales.

1. Right Whales - Right whales were called the "right" whales to catch by early hunters because they are large, swim slowly, have long baleen plates, contain lots of oil, and float when killed. Right whales have no dorsal fin, no throat grooves, and extremely long baleen plates contained in a hugely arched jaw. There are three species of right whales: the Northern right whale, Southern right whale, and bowhead whale.
     Right Whales - Enchanted Learning, Discovering Whales

             

     

  • Northern Right Whale - National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Exzooberance
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  • Southern Right Whale - National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Exzooberance
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  • Bowhead Whale - Bowhead Whale, Enchanted Learning, National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Discovering Whales, Exzooberance
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                  2. Pygmy Right Whales - Unlike other members of the right whale family, the pygmy right whale has a dorsal fin. Sometimes the pygmy right whales are classified with the right whales.
    3. Rorqual Whales - Rorqual whales are relatively streamlined in appearance, many throat grooves, a small dorsal fin, and shorter baleen plates, and have pointed heads and small pointed fins. They can be distinguished from other whales by many (25-90) deep groves along their throats that expand when they feed. There are 8 species of rorqual whales: the humpback whale, fin whale, Bryde's whale, blue whale, northern minke, antarctic minke, Eden's ("small-type") whale.
                   

    4. Gray Whales - Gray whales are gray in color and their skin is encrusted with barnacles and a unique species of small crustaceans known as "whale lice." The gray whale has a few throat grooves, short baleen plates, and a small dorsal hump followed by a series of bumps. Only one species - the gray whale. 

                   
                   
             Odontoceti (toothed whales) - These whales have teeth and a single blowhole.
    Includes killer whales, dolphins, porpoises, manatees, beluga whales, and sperm whales.
                Killer or Orca Whales
               
               

    Beluga Whales - Belugas, Discovering Whales, Enchanted Learning, Marine Mammal Center, Arctic Studies Center, Exzooberance, Kenai Pennisula Online, Smithsonian - beluga whales

    Where are beluga whales found in the wild?
    Where is the beluga's dorsal fin?
    What/How much do belugas eat?
    How long do belugas live?
    How fast can belugas swim?
    How long can belugas hold their breath?
    What are threats to belugas in the wild?
    What is the gestation period for beluga whales?
    Do beluga whales mate for life?
    Does Shedd have room for any more whales?
    What is a beluga calf's size at birth?
    What does a calf look like?
    How is a beluga calf born?
    What is the nursing period for beluga whales?
    How long will the mother and calf remain a pair?

    Answers
                Narwhal - Discovering Whales, SeaWorld, Exzooberance
                Sperm Whales - Discovering Whales, Exzooberance
                Dwarf Sperm Whales
                Pygmy Sperm Whale - Discovering Whales,
                Beaked Whales - Discovering Whales,
                Blackfish (Smaller Toothed Whales)
    jumping dolphin

    Bottlenose Dolphins

               

    Porpoises
         
    Porpoises, Exzooberance

                Manatee
         
    Picture of manatee with baby
         
    Natureworks - West Indian Manatee
         
    The Trouble with Manatees and the Florida Water Story
         Kids Only - Manatees & Dugongs
         Manatee Junction
         SeaWorld
         Manatees - facts and photos
         Exzooberance
            Archaeoceti (which are all now extinct), which includes primitive whales from the Eocene
                       
    Endangered whales - SeaWorld Animal Bytes